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APS is located in Port Washington, New York occupying 10,000 square
feet of laboratory and production areas. Our facilities are fully equipped
with testing apparatus, homogenizer, centrifuge, mixer, extruder, coater,
industrial filter, UV system and salt spray chamber.
APS has fine-tuned a unique process of chemical grafting which allows
manufacturers to permanently add or improve the performance of a
material while retaining its existing characteristics. This process involves
substrate activation, and the attachment and polymerization of
monomers that contribute the desired properties (in this case corrosion
resistance) onto the backbone of the substrate using safe, effective
organic chemicals. Because a covalent bond is formed, the molecularly
bonded formulation is permanent and cannot be leached, even under
severe conditions.

Coatings are used to improve the functional properties of a
substrate for
corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity, wear or abrasion resistance,
etc. Conventional coatings adhere to substrates by simple
mechanical forces which can be easily broken causing peeling or
delamination. Such is not the case with chemical grafting since the
attachment of graft coatings is accomplished by forming a covalent bond
between the substrate and the monomers via the graft initiator. As a
result, much thinner coatings can be obtained while providing longer life
and superior adhesion of material. The chemical reaction that takes
place provides subsurface penetration and chemical bonding. Coating
thickness can be adjusted according to specification. Results have
proven that coatings of .5 mil thickness can provide a minimum of 500
1)        Activation: free radical formation
substrate activator
MOH_________  MC*

Chemical Bonding of monomers:
(CH2 — CH)n
x        x = functional group that changes with each monomer and
determines the property

3)        Formation of small polymer side chains: n = controlled
chain length of monomers (same or varied)

4)        The reaction is then terminated with a special formulation
ingredient so that all reactive components are exhausted.
aps_ footer


Corrosion Resistant Coating

APS substrate activators have the unique capacity of removing
active hydrogens from substrates and initiating the growth of
polymer chains at that site. By removing these hydrogens, an
electron is removed forming a free radical. This free radical site
needs an electron to stabilize its state and will share the electron
with the present monomers forming the chemical bond.
Following represents the four step reaction of APS' chemical
grafting process (imparting corrosion resistance) using M to
represent a
metal substrate (carbon steel, stainless steel,
copper, bronze, brass, etc.):

About APS

Corrosion resistance, replacement of plating lubricity,  wear and
abrasion resistance conductivity or insulative properties, corrosion
inhibitors, color, etc.
Application Methods

Coatings are applied on the surface of substrates to
improve the functional properties and durability.
Conventional coatings need extensive surface
preparation for adhesion and need to build up
thickness for performance. Such is not the case with
APS' coating formulations. Most APS coatings can
be applied in one step with no or minimal surface
preparation. In addition, due to the chemistry of
APS' chemical grafting process, thinner coatings
can be used to achieve a higher degree of property
performance. Delamination will not occur due to the
chemical bond formed between the coating and the
substrate with some subsurface penetration
occuring through the use of molecularly small and
lightweight monomers.

Typical coating methods can be used such as dip,
spray, roll, flow coat, etc. APS coatings can be
formulated to be air dried, however, in the interest of
time, heat or some energy source (i.e., UV or
infrared lights) can be used.

APS can develop additives to incorporate into the
raw material/resin prior to extruding or molding. In
this case, the new properties will penetrate the
matrix of the material. APS chemists will adjust the
formulation to conform to the processing parameters
used by the manufacturer. Due to the molecular
bond formed by APS' process, the new properties
will not migrate and leach from the material over
time, even under severe conditions.

Laminates (Adhesives)
APS chemists have extensive experience in bonding
the same or different substrates together. Materials
that are difficult to adhere to are effectively bonded
with APS' process. Again, no or minimal surface
chemical attachment of one substrate to the other.
Consequently, substrate failure will occur before
adhesion failure. In addition, if two substrates with
different coefficients of thermal expansion are
bonded, an APS developed adhesive's bonding
action will not be affected. Such is not the case with
conventional adhesives which cannot withstand the
varying expansion and contraction of different

Application of all APS chemical grafting formulations
can applied at ambient temperatures and normal
atmospheric conditions
Our Specialized Services
Each project is treated on an individual basis by
formulating the desired coating, additive or adhesive
according to specific requirements. Because of its easy
adaptation to a wide variety of applications, chemical
grafting has been utilized in virtually every industry
including automotive, aerospace, industrial machinery,
consumer products, medical, packaging, and many
others. In order to obtain the chemically bonded product,
new formulation are applied to the submitted substrate
and tested according to the recommended procedures
dictated by industry standards and manufacturer's
requests. Once reproducible results are secured, the
formulation is adapted to large-scale production at the
manufacturer's location. To provide ongoing support,
APS can manufacture the final formulation in the desired
quantities and supply the manufacturer with a pre-mixed,
ready to use coating, additive or adhesive.

Metals are usually inclined to form cations through
electron loss, [6] reacting with oxygen in the air to form
oxides over various timescales (iron rusts over years,
while potassium burns in
seconds). Examples:

4 Na + O2 → 2 Na2O (sodium oxide)
2 Ca + O2 → 2 CaO (calcium oxide)
4 Al + 3 O2 → 2 Al2O3 (aluminium oxide).

The transition metals (such as iron, copper, zinc, and
nickel) are slower to oxidize because they form
passivating layer of oxide that protects the interior.
Others, like palladium, platinum and gold, do
not react with the atmosphere at all. Some metals form a
barrier layer of oxide on their surface which cannot be
penetrated by further oxygen molecules and thus retain
their shiny appearance and good conductivity for many
decades (like aluminium, magnesium, some steels, and
titanium). The oxides of metals are generally basic, as
opposed to those of nonmetals, which are acidic. Blatant
exceptions are largely oxides with very high oxidation
states such as CrO3, Mn2O7, and OsO4, which have
strictly acidic reactions.

Painting, anodizing or plating metals are good ways to
prevent their corrosion. However, a more reactive metal
in the electrochemical series must be chosen for coating,
especially when chipping of the coating is expected.
Water and the two metals form an electrochemical cell,
and if the coating is less reactive than the coatee, the
coating actually promotes corrosion
Advanced Polymer Solutions
99 Seaview Boulevard,
Port Washington, NY 11050
(516) 621-5800 ‎
Get Directions
aps_chemical research
Chemical Grafting Adhesives
Forming a covalent bond between two different substrates.
Learn More>
corrosion resistance
Chemical Grafting
Understanding the molecular structure
and nature of organic and the key to APS'
research our chemists have detailed
knowledge of the following offers an
infinite advantage:
  • Molecular make up of substrates such as plastics, rubber,
    wood, paper, glass, ceramics and metals.
  • Method of activating substrates to form sites for attachment
    of new functionalities.
  • Activity of functional groups on monomers and prepolymers
    and how to combine them to provide new and unique
    properties on substrates.
  • Interaction of monomers and prepolymers and in linking
    them together to form new polymer side chains.
  • Combining all reactive ingredients to formulate easy to
    apply, cost effective surface treatments, additives and
  • Upscaling chemically grafted formulations from laboratory
    to pilot scale to full scale manufacturing using
    existing/minimal equipment.
  • Production of these unique formulation, supervised by a Ph.
    D. in polymer chemistry to ensure each shipment is quality
specialty chemicals
Product Enhancement:
APS' unique chemical grafting process results
in properties being permanently attached to
the substrate with the use of a specialized
substrate activator and monomer system.
Advanced Polymer Solutions was formed by four technical
professionals educated and experienced in polymer and organic
chemistry, research and development and engineering. As a result,
APS offers over 75 years of combined expertise in offering custom
solutions to manufacturers in the areas of product improvement
and high impact commercialization solutions to reduce costs and
eliminate hazardous materials.

  • APS' assistance in analyzing and defining problems through their
    understanding of the chemical and physical basics of all materials
    and how they behave and interact;
  • APS' unique patented molecular bonding method not offered by
    other companies and unavailable in house, developed through
    years of chemical research.
  • APS' individually tailored approach to the most effective solution for
    each client (not available at raw material suppliers);
  • APS' collaberation with clients to form a cooperation that ensure
    the best results and most acceptable implementation of the
    chemical grafting process;
  • Ability to concentrate on your core products and business activities;
  • Exclusive, patentable formulation for you to gain a competitive
    edge over competition with a more superior performing products
    and decreased costs;
  • Increased sales and ability to market your product into broader
      Learn More >
APS facility
APS' core business is to develop and
manufacture custom formulations for
product and commercialization
improvements and cost reductions,
therefore, is the ultimate technical
resource for manufacturers. Using this
innovative project approach, companies
can take advantage of:
Why Advanced Polymer Solutions For
Your Product?
Advanced Polymer Solutions
New York

Corrosion Resistance - Steel


The Mechanism of Chemical Grafting for Corrosion Resistance